Florida Legislative Session 2020

The Florida legislative session is the 60-day period when state representatives go to Tallahassee to pass new legislation, including the state budget. This year, legislators and Gov. Ron DeSantis have said top education issues include improving teacher pay, school safety and continuing to expand school choice.

School Choice

Florida legislators are working on measures that would allow more parents to send their children to charter schools and private schools through state programs.

Charters

Charter schools are public schools that operate with more autonomy than traditional public schools, which are more directly managed by local school districts. For the most part, charter schools can only open with local School Board approval. This year, the Legislature is considering some measures that would allow other groups to authorize new charter schools.

  • SB 166: Requires charter schools demonstrate that it meets a need prior to district approval 
  • SB 526: temporarily bars certain individuals from opening a charter school if they were involved in a charter school that had been shut down
  • SB 536: sets up High-Performing Charter School Council to review expansion applications 

School Safety

In light of the Parkland schooting and the opioid crisis, Florida legislators have passed a number of measures intended to improve school safety, including allowing the arming of teachers and guardians, which are less highly trained security personnel than school resource officers.

  • SB 304: allows school districts who opted out of guardian program to spend extra funding on school safety 
  • SB 120: authorizes public schools to purchase and use naloxone, an opioid antagonist, in the event of an overdose

SCHOOLs

  • HB 341: requires school districts to offer specified courses relating to religion, Hebrew Scriptures, and the Bible district leadership
  • SB 946: requires a moment of silence at the beginning of each school day in public schools
  • SB 184: requires charter schools and private schools to teach specific Holocaust topics and revises the requirements for Holocaust instructional content in public schools 
  • SB 678: requires Florida DOE to adopt native language versions of assessments

GOVERNANCE

The following proposals affect the way school districts are governed. The biggest issue this year for Duval County is the J-1 bill, which would place a referendum on the ballot to make the Duval County School Board Superintendent an elected position rather than an appointed one. In Duval County, School Board members are already term limited to two terms, so state legislation would not have a local effect.

  • HR 157: two-term limits for school board members 
  • Local J-1: elected superintendents - 2020 referendum going into effect 2022

TAXES

  • Senate Joint Resolution 282: exemption for senior citizens for property tax on Florida Constitution amendment 
  • SB 542: provides for a 10-day Back-to-School Sales Tax Holiday
  • SB 968: legalizes betting on sports, taxable revenue could provide money for public education and college scholarships  

Career technical education

  • SB 130: provides job-growth grant funds public high schools that provide career-technical instruction programs

Teacher compensation

funding

Local and state issues

Get up to speed on education issues by reading the latest reports from the Jacksonville Public Education Fund and journalists around the state.

Pre-K/early learning

In Florida, a voluntary pre-kindergarten program allows 4-year-old children to attend pre-school with the support of the state. The quality and availability of these programs affects kindergarten readiness, which in turn helps students succeed in elementary school.

Teacher compensation

This year, Gov. Ron DeSantis and legislators have signaled that improving teacher compensation is a priority, with a proposal to raise the starting salary for new teachers. Whether veteran teachers will benefit is still to be seen.

Facilities

This year, Duval County Public Schools led a community conversation about our aging facilities for public schools and the need for a new source of revenue for massive updates, repairs and construction. The Duval County School Board passed a request to place a referendum on the ballot so that voters can decide on a half-penny sales tax to create more revenue for school facilities. The measure stalled in City Council, which declined to place it on a ballot, and the School Board and City Council are now battling over the issue in court.

Teacher recruitment and retention

In Duval County, and across the state and nation, schools are suffering from a teacher shortage as fewer college students choose to enter the profession and many teachers choose to leave the profession.

Standards

The Florida Standards were adopted several years ago in an effort to raise the rigor of public education, ensuring that students are prepared for college and success after high school. The Florida Standards provide guidance across public school for what skills students should have at each grade level, and the statewide Florida Standards Assessment is based on these guidelines. When Gov. Ron DeSantis came into office, he issued an executive order calling for the elimination of the Florida Standards and a new set of standards to be written. That work is in process now under the Florida Department of Education.

Local Bill J-1 (elected superintendent for Duval County)

Following the Duval County Public Schools' effort to get a tax referendum placed on the ballot, local legislators are considering moving from an appointed superintendent to an elected superintendent. 

Don't see an issue that you think is important to public education? E-mail laura@jaxpef.org to share your thoughts. 

 

Upcoming Event

EDDY Awards

  • Date: Friday, Jan 17, 2020
  • Time: 7:00PM to 10:00PM
  • Where: Hyatt Regency, 220 E Coastline Drive
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2019 Education Poll

Support for half-cent tax 

In JPEF's 2019 Public Perceptions Poll, the Jacksonville community said once again they would support a small tax for schools.

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Did You Know?

85.1 % of students district-wide graduated high school in 2018, a record high.

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